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How did nationalism develop through culture in Europe ? Explain. OR a “Culture played an.....

How did nationalism develop through

culture in Europe ? Explain.

OR

a “Culture played an important role in the

development of nationalism in Europe

during the eighteenth and nineteenth

centuries.” Support the statement with

examples.

Ans. Nationalism developed through culture in

Europe:

(1) Culture played an important role in

creating the idea of the nation, art and

poetry, stories and music helped to

express and shape nationalist feelings.

(2) Romanticism a cultural movement

which sought to develop a particular

form of nationalist sentiment. Romantic

artists and poets generally criticized the

glorification of reason and science and

focussed instead on emotions, intuition

and mystical feelings.

(3) German philosopher Johann Gottfried

Herder claimed that true German

culture was to be discovered among

the common people- das volk. It was

through folk songs, folk poetry and folk

dances that the true spirit of a nation

was popularized.

(4) The emphasis on vernacular language

and the collection of local folklore was

used to carry the modern nationalist

message to large audiences who were

mostly illiterates.

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